Former Chairman of ISRO Prof UR Rao passes away at 85
Today early morning former Chairman of ISRO, Prof UR Rao passes away at 85 early this morning at his residence in Bengaluru.
Nation is Bidding Adieu to Late Space Scientist UR Rao Former ISRO Chairman and the Man Behind Aryabhatta.Prof Rao was given Guard of Honour at ISRO Headquarters in Bengaluru. He led ISRO for 10 years during 1984-1994.
ISRO / DOS Community pays homage to Prof. U R Rao.
Udupi Ramachandra Rao popularly known as UR Rao was a space scientist and the former chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation. He was the Chairman of the Governing Council of the Physical Research Laboratory at Ahmedabad and Nehru Planetarium at Bengaluru and chancellor of Indian Institute for Space Science and Technology (IIST) at Thiruvananthapuram.
Rao was awarded the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India in 1976 and Padma Vibhushan in 2017. He was inducted into the Satellite Hall of Fame, Washington on 19 March 2013 at a ceremony organised by the Society of Satellite Professionals International. With this he became the first Indian to be inducted. He was also to be inducted in International Astronautics Federation (IAF) as on 15 May 2016. He is also the first Indian again to achieve such an honor.
Prof Rao was born at Adamaru in Karnataka State of India. His parents were Lakshminarayana Acharya and Krishnaveni Amma. He had primary education at Adamaru and completed his secondary education from Christian High School in Udupi. He completed his B.Sc in Government Arts and Science College in Anantpur during 1952, M.Sc from Banaras Hindu University during 1954 and Ph.D at Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad from Gujarat University during 1960 under the guidance of Dr. Vikram Sarabhai.
After working as a Faculty Member at MIT and Assistant Professor at University of Texas at Dallas where he carried out investigations as a prime experimenter on a number of Pioneer and Explorer spacecraft, Rao returned to India in 1966 as a professor at the Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad.
Rao began his career as a Cosmic Ray Scientist, and worked under Dr.Vikram Sarabhai, which he continued at MIT. In association with the JPL Group, he was the first to establish the continuous nature of the solar wind and its effect on geomagnetism using Mariner 2 observations.
Rao’s experiments on a number of Pioneer and Explorer spacecraft led to a complete understanding of the solar cosmic ray phenomena and the electromagnetic state of the interplanetary space. Convinced of the imperative need to use space technology for rapid development, Rao undertook the responsibility for the establishment of satellite technology in India in 1972.Under his guidance, beginning with the first Indian satellite “Aryabhata” in 1975, over 18 satellites including Bhaskara, APPLE, Rohini, INSAT-1 and INSAT-2 series of multipurpose satellites and the IRS-1A and IRS-1B remote sensing satellites were designed, fabricated and launched for providing communication, remote sensing and meteorological services.
As a Chairman of ISRO, after assuming charge as Chairman, Space Commission and Secretary, Department of Space in 1985, Rao accelerated the development of rocket technology resulting in the successful launch of ASLV rocket in 1992. He was also responsible for the development of the operational PSLV launch vehicle, which successfully launched an 850 kg. satellite into a polar orbit in 1995. Rao initiated the development of the geostationary launch vehicle GSLV and the development of cryogenic technology in 1991. He was responsible for successful launch of INSAT satellites during his stint at ISRO. The launch of INSAT satellites gave a thrust to communications in India, during the 1980s and 1990s. The successful launch of INSAT provided telecommunication links to remote corners of India. During these decades fixed telephone (called as landline) expanded throughout country due to availability of satellite links at different places in the ground. People could talk easily from anywhere by use of STD (Subscriber Trunk Dialing) instead of waiting for hours to get the connection. This development played a key role in future for India to develop as an Information Technology hub. He was the first Chairman of Antrix Corporation.
MORE ON “Prof UR Rao”,”Ex chairman ISRO”
Ex ISRO Chief UR. Rao Passes Away at 85 | About the Man Behind India’s First Satellite, Aryabhata https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E7k2gYpiZCI